The research and evaluation studies conducted by CMS Social have facilitated programme partners in the process of taking midway corrective measures as well as to take a note of the findings in their future programmes
SWACHH BHARAT MISSION
For Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, CMS Social team undertook first study to assess the impact of SBCC (IEC) activities under SBM Gramin and SBM Urban. The study covered urban and rural locations of all 36 states and UTs. A range of stakeholders which included senior state, district and block level officials, along with PRI and NGO/CSO representatives, school teachers and community members. A sample of 43200 households evenly distributed across all states & UTs as well as within rural and urban locations were visited by CMS team members. A national summative report along with 36 states/UTs reports were prepared in a record time of 4 months, which included preparatory and data collection phases. The report will help the two key nodal ministries, Drinking Water & Sanitation and Urban Development and DAVP to strategize their Behavioural change interventions for SBM in the country.
NATIONAL DEWORMING DAY
An extensive monitoring and validation exercise was undertaken of observation of deworming day and follow up rounds in hard to reach locations of Tripura. All districts were visited by team on both NDD and Mop Up days. A sample of around 500 government and private schools as well as Anganwadi Centres were visited for monitoring and follow up rounds.
TIME USE PATTERN
In Rural Bihar, a study was undertaken on behalf of London Business School and London School of Economics. A few studies have been conducted in India to analyze the time usage of SHG members at household level for future interventions of different programme.
PHYSICAL VERIFICATION OF ADOPTION OF FARMING PRACTICES
CMS Social as a regular evaluation partner of Digital Green provides critical inputs for its ICT intervention and adoption of farming practices. The assessment comprises two rounds-one, Observation of Video Dissemination Sessions organized for members of SHGs formed under Jeevika programme in Bihar followed by round of Physical Verification of Adoption, wherein, apart from household level survey, assessment of farm fields vis-à-vis non-negotiable farming practices is carried out.
NATIONAL LEVEL MONITORS
Since 2012, CMS as an Institutional National Level Monitors (NLM) for Ministry of Rural Development has covered several districts across states like Assam, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. A number of key schemes of MoRD as well as of MoDWS and MoPR have been monitored during these visits. Based on findings and follow up actions for improving the reach of programme has been recommended in the district level detailed reports.
POVERTY INDEX TOOL
In the development sector, livelihoods and social as well as economic inclusions of marginalised community has been one of the focus areas of CMS Social’s studies. As a Monitoring & Evaluation Consultant to BAIF Development Research Foundation’s Godhan Project, CMS Social team has developed a unique scorecard known as Poverty Index Tool. The tool is to assist the programme implementers to assess the economic status of the families participating in the Godhan project, which aims to implement a sustainable and economically viable cattle development programme to specifically strengthen the role of women in dairy operations and enhance the dairy value chain for farmers through improved infrastructure for better market linkages. The Poverty Index Tool is designed to ensure maximum participation of economically poor households in the project. The tool is user-friendly and can be replicated with some contextualisation in other development projects aiming at inclusion of poor families.
EMPOWERMENT OF MAHADALITS
One of the first-of-its kind of study undertaken by CMS Social was to assess the socio-economic status of Mahadalits, the poorest of the poor sub-castes amongst Scheduled Castes (SCs). The study was very challenging as CMS Social team made extensive visits to remote villages to interact with households belonging to such sub-castes within SCs which are very few in number at the state level. UNICEF Bihar and the state government were provided with very enriching data and information on Mahadalits’ education, employment, migration, hygiene and sanitation, nutritional and immunisation status as well as accessibility to government programmes and schemes such as Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS), Mid Day meal scheme (MDM), social security, housing/toilet and many other equally important indicators. This study will help to formulate a strategy for social and economic empowerment of the Mahadalits.
WELL-BEING ASSESSMENT TOOLS
CMS Social developed the Disaster Preparedness Index, Food Consumption Score, Household Asset Score and Community Asset Score during Mid-Term Assessment (MTA) of WFP supported livelihood activities. These index/scores gauged the outcome indicators included in the revised Strategic Results Framework (SRF), post baseline survey (07), under the current Country Programme (2008-13). This helped WFP in prioritising its focus areas for better implementation of the activities under the programme.
RIGHT TO EDUCATION
In education sector, CMS through its CMS Social team is amongst the first organisation in India to study the implementation process of 25 percent reservation for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) families under the Right to Education (RTE) Act 2009 in Delhi. The study team interacted with families of children belonging to EWS category as well as other than EWS category. The study sample were from schools belonging to high, medium and low budget schools and brought insightful findings, which will help the policy makers to take corrective measures in the implementation of RTE Act in the coming academic year. The findings of the study were presented in an international conference held in Nepal and were well appreciated by the participants.
SCHOOL VOUCHER-FREEDOM OF SCHOOL CHOICE FOR PARENTS
CMS Social as research partner to School Voucher Project in Delhi has helped the implementing partner towards effective monitoring and implementation of the project. The research findings helped the project partner to do advocacy with different state governments to introduce the Voucher System, which will give parents, particularly the socio-economically marginalised ones the freedom to select schools of their choice for their children.
GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATION OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES
CMS has been a regular evaluation partner to Ministry of HRD’s focal programmes to improve the literacy level of the population and to provide vocational skills to socially and economically marginalised sections in India. CMS Social team leader, Alok Srivastava was one of the members in the consultative group constituted to formulate the guidelines for the evaluation of skill development programmes implemented through Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS) across the country.
GUIDING STRATEGIC CHANGES IN HEALTH PROGRAMMES
In the health sector, CMS Social has provided support to Ipas India’s intervention towards safe Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP). This has been done by providing training to service providers and bringing change in Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Behaviour (KAPB) of community. CMS conducted assessment of public health facilities and baseline, mid-term and end line surveys at the community level. This has helped Ipas India in making strategic changes in their programme intervention.
RESEARCH TO STRATEGISE CAPACITY BUILDING
In HIV/AIDS, the study of Positive Women Network (PWN+) for UNICEF helped the UN agency to strategise the capacity building needs of office bearers and members of the networks.